[Clinical observation on macular edema treated with treating different diseases with the same acupuncture comprehensive therapy].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2018 Aug 12;38(8):841-6
Authors: Yang W, Liu W, Cui R, Liu J, Gan D, Xu H
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of treating different diseases with the same acupuncture comprehensive therapy and intramuscular injection of ranibizumab in the treatment of macular edema, and to explore an effective treatment.
METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted, ①Acupuncture combined with EA at Xinming one (Extra), Sizhukong (TE 23), Tongziliao (GB 1), once every other day; ②acupoint injection, alternation with compound anisodine and mecobalamine injection at Qiuhou (EX-HN 7), Taiyang (EX-HN 5), once every other day; ③auricular acupressure at yan (LO5), gan (CO12), shen (CO10) and other points; ④plum-blossom needle at Zhengguang 1 (Extra), Zhengguang 2 (Extra), once every other day were given in the acupuncture group (20 cases, 24 affected eyes). Intramuscular injection of 0.5 mg ranibizumab was given in the ranibizumab group (22 cases, 23 affected eyes). The macular foveal thickness, early treatment diabetic retinopathy study of (ETDRS) visual acuity chart, self-evaluation scores of visual function impairment ophthalmopathy patient's quality of life scale were observed before treatment, after 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of treatment, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.
RESULTS: ①At all the observation time points of the treatment, the macular thickness was lower than that before treatment in the two groups (all P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the acupuncture group and the ranibizumab group (all P>0.05). ②Visual acuity was higher than that before treatment at all the time points in the two groups (all P<0.05). After 3-months treatment, there was no statistical significance between the two groups (P>0.05). After 6, 9, and 12 months treatment, the visual acuity in the acupuncture group was better than that in the ranibizumab group (P<0.05, P<0.01). ③At all the time points, the quality of life scores were lower than those before treatment in the two groups (all P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in the ranibizumab group compared with those before treatment (all P>0.05). In 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of treatment, the quality of life scores in the acupuncture group was better than those in the ranibizumab group (P<0.05, P<0.01). ④The total effective rate of the acupuncture group was 79.2% (19/24), which was better than 30.4% (7/23) in the ranibizumab group (P<0.05). ⑤The improvement of visual acuity before and after treatment was negatively correlated with the course of disease (P<0.05), ie, the longer the disease course of the eyes, the worse the visual acuity and the worse the effect.
CONCLUSION: Acupuncture comprehensive treatment can effectively treat macular edema, significantly improve the patient's vision, improve the subjective experience and the quality of life, and the shorter the course of the disease the more significant effect. Acupuncture comprehensive treatment is better than intramuscular injection of ranibizumab.
PMID: 30141294 [PubMed - in process]